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Between the idea
And the reality
Between the motion
And the act Falls the Shadow.

- - - T.S. Eliot, The Hollow Men


Public policy has been determined by this point in the public policy cycle. The spotlights are off the issue, but not much has yet really been done. The hard work of implementation comes next.

Unfortunately, the political process, which is still a factor here, does not always thoughtfully address exactly how the policy proceeds. Compromises in goals and what once appeared as mere details can now loom large. What happens now?

Table of Contents

  1. Definitions of implementation
  2. Implementing compromises
  3. Bureaucracy and TPA: traditional public administration
  4. How to make public policy effective

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The Public Policy Web, May 22, 2001
©by Wayne Hayes, Ph.D., ®ProfWork
October 27, 2002